Capacity for volumes

The drives in your storage array provide the physical storage capacity for your data. Before you can begin storing data, you must configure the allocated capacity into logical components known as pools or volume groups. You use these storage objects to configure, store, maintain, and preserve data on your storage array.

Using capacity to create and expand volumes

You can create volumes from either the unassigned capacity or free capacity in a pool or volume group.

After you expand the volume capacity, you must manually increase the file system size to match. How you do this depends on the file system you are using. See your host operating system documentation for details.

Capacity types for thick volumes and thin volumes

You can create either thick volumes or thin volumes. Reported capacity and allocated capacity are the same for thick volumes, but are different for thin volumes.

Note: ThinkSystem System Manager does not provide an option to create thin volumes. If you want to create thin volumes, use the Command Line Interface (CLI).

Capacity limits for thick volumes

The minimum capacity for a thick volume is 1 MiB, and the maximum capacity is determined by the number and capacity of the drives in the pool or volume group.

When increasing reported capacity for a thick volume, keep the following guidelines in mind:

Capacity limits for thin volumes

You can create thin volumes with a large reported capacity and a relatively small allocated capacity, which is beneficial for storage utilization and efficiency. Thin volumes can help simplify storage administration because the allocated capacity can increase as the application needs change, without disrupting the application, allowing for better storage utilization.

In addition to reported capacity and allocated capacity, thin volumes also contain Written capacity. Written capacity is the amount of capacity that has been written from the reserved capacity allocated for thin volumes.

The following table lists the capacity limits for a thin volume.

Type of capacity Minimum size Maximum size
Reported 32 MiB 256 TiB
Allocated 4 MiB 64 TiB

For a thin volume, if the maximum reported capacity of 256 TiB has been reached, you cannot increase its capacity. Make sure the thin volume's reserved capacity is set to a size larger than the maximum reported capacity.

Allocated capacity limit

The system automatically expands the allocated capacity based on the allocated capacity limit. The allocated capacity limit allows you to limit the thin volume’s automatic growth below the reported capacity. When the amount of data written gets close to the allocated capacity, you can change the allocated capacity limit.

To change the allocated capacity limit, select Storage > Volumes > Thin Volume Monitoring tab > Change Limit .

Insufficient free capacity

Because System Manager does not allocate the full capacity when it creates a thin volume, insufficient free capacity might exist in the pool. Insufficient space can block writes to the pool, not only for the thin volumes, but also for other operations that require capacity from the pool (for example, snapshot images or snapshot volumes). However, you can still perform read operations from the pool. If this situation occurs, you receive an alert threshold warning.